AI Grammars

about

Old Irish

is the oldest attested Goidelic language. The oldest surviving texts are the oldest Ogham inscriptions and glosses in Latin manuscripts (see introduction). The language has a rich consonant inventory with fricatives alternating in a systematic fashion with plosives (see sounds). The language is famous for its massive allomorphy, especially in the verbal system, and its word-initial mutations (see words). Old Irish is a VSO language with a complex system of relative clause formation. It makes broad use of so-called emphatic particles to mark various discourse functions (see structures).

Lecturers

Aaron Griffith

University of Utrecht

David Stifter

Maynooth University

introduction

Old Irish, intro, unit 1

SGA-INT-001

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49233

history of the Irish language: Irish as a Celtic Language, history of Irish

slides

Old Irish, intro, unit 2

SGA-INT-002

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49234

writing in Ireland: writing, Ogam, Latin alphabet, manuscripts

slides

Old Irish, intro, unit 3

SGA-INT-003

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49235

influence and handbooks: language contact, secondary literature

slides

sounds

Old Irish, sounds, unit 1

SGA-PHO-001

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49236

phonemes: consonants, vowels and diphthongs

slides

Old Irish, sounds, unit 2

SGA-PHO-002

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49237

spelling: overview, consonants, vowels, marking of palatalisation

slides

Old Irish, sounds, unit 3

SGA-PHO-003

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49238

morphophonemics: stress, mutations, palatalisation, metaphony, syncope

slides

words

Old Irish, words, unit 1

SGA-MOR-001

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49239

general morphological introduction, nominal inflection and formation

slides

Old Irish, words, unit 2

SGA-MOR-002

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49240

verbal complex: elements of the verb complex, verb-avoidance strategies

slides

Old Irish, words, unit 3

SGA-MOR-003

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49241

verbal categories and dimensions, verbal paradigms

slides

Old Irish, words, unit 4

SGA-MOR-004

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49242

verbal stem: suffixal formation, root modifications, new verbs

slides

structures

Old Irish, structures, unit 1

SGA-STR-001

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49244

typological profile, head-marking: how to use pronouns, text examples: Táin bó Froích

slides

Old Irish, structures, unit 2

SGA-STR-002

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49246

word classes: structure of noun clauses, prepositional phrases, text examples: Táin bó Froích

slides

Old Irish, structures, unit 3

SGA-STR-003

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49248

verbs and verb phrases: finite vs non-finite, alignment, roles, voice and valency, text examples: Táin bó Froích

slides

Old Irish, structures, unit 4

SGA-STR-004

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49250

negation, tense, aspect, modality, verbal avoidance strategies, clause structure; text sample: Táin bó Froích

slides

texts

Old Irish, texts, unit 1

SGA-TXT-001

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49243

warm up:
Ad·tlochur indithim dúib!

slides

Old Irish, texts, unit 2

SGA-TXT-002

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49245

Táin bó Froích
(41–43, 61–62, 64–65, 68–70)

slides

Old Irish, texts, unit 3

SGA-TXT-003

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49247

Táin bó Froích
(136-145)

slides

Old Irish, texts, unit 4

SGA-TXT-004

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49249

Táin bó Froích
(204-205, 237-250)

slides