AI Grammars

about

Old Lithuanian

is attested from the 16th century onwards. It is similar to the modern language, and many of its peculiarities can still be found today in modern dialects (see introduction). The language has a complex accent system (see sounds) which is actually transmitted in early writings. It has a dual, so-called postpositive local cases and, most remarkably, many athematic verbs (see words). The syntax of Old and Modern Lithuanian is remarkable for absolute constructions and the modus relativus, a verbal mood for expressing indirect speech and propositional attitudes formed with participles (see structures).

Lecturers

Jolanta Gelumbeckaitė

University of Frankfurt

Jurgis Pakerys

Vilnius University

introduction

Old Lithuanian, intro, unit 1

OLT-INT-001

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49475

language and speakers: historical information, genetic affiliation, varieties, language map

slides

Old Lithuanian, intro, unit 2

OLT-INT-002

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49474

writing system: writing system(s), letters and diacritics, sample of a written text (manuscript, print)

slides

Old Lithuanian, intro, unit 3

OLT-INT-003

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49473

sources: available sources, electronic corpora, milestones in the study of Old Lithuanian

slides

sounds

Old Lithuanian, sounds, unit 1

OLT-PHO-001

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49472

segmental phonology: consonants, vowels, diphthongs

slides

Old Lithuanian, sounds, unit 2

OLT-PHO-002

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49471

suprasegmentals, prosodic words: accents, clitics

slides

words

Old Lithuanian, words, unit 1

OLT-MOR-001

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49470

overview, stem formation: morphological system, major devices, derivation, compounding

slides

Old Lithuanian, words, unit 2

OLT-MOR-002

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49469

inflection: declension (nouns, adjecives), conjugation, illustrative paradigms, participles

slides

structures

Old Lithuanian, structures, unit 1

OLT-STR-001

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49468

noun phrase, adpositions: structural properties and grammatical features of noun phrases, adpositions

slides

Old Lithuanian, structures, unit 2

OLT-STR-002

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49467

argument coding, non-verbal predication: alignment and argument realization, non-verbal predication

slides

Old Lithuanian, structures, unit 3

OLT-STR-003

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49466

voice and valency change: paradigmatic oppositions, causative, middle (and its functions), passive

slides

Old Lithuanian, structures, unit 4

OLT-STR-004

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49465

tense and aspect, mood (irrealis, imperatives, interrogative particles), evidentiality

slides

Old Lithuanian, structures, unit 5

OLT-STR-005

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49464

clause: word order, clause combining, coordination, finite/non-finite subordination

slides

texts

Old Lithuanian, texts, unit 1

OLT-TXT-001

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49463

Mikalojus Daukša, Postilla (1599)

slides