AI Grammars

about

Old Church Slavonic

was the first Slavic literary language. It was originally written in the unique Glagolitic alphabet (see introduction). The language originally only allowed for open syllables. The pattern was, however, distorted already in the earliest texts when two vowels called the yers either merged with other vowels or were deleted along the lines of a rhythmic pattern (see sounds). As a result of two palatalizations, Old Church Slavonic shows massive morphophonemic alternations (see words). With seven cases, three numbers and a plethora of stems the inflectional morphology is highly complex. Since the oldest texts are translations from Greek, Old Church Slavonic syntax is heavily influenced. Deviations from the Greek original allow for glimpses into genuine Slavonic syntax (see structures).

Lecturers

Henning Andersen

UCLA

Thomas Olander

University of Copenhagen

introduction

OCS, intro, unit 1

CHU-INT-001

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49462

language and speakers: Slavic languages, dispersals, genealogical position, Old Church Slavonic

slides

OCS, intro, unit 2

CHU-INT-002

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49461

writing: scripts and manuscripts, background, text example, Glagolitic and Cyrillic scripts

slides

OCS, intro, unit 3

CHU-INT-003

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49460

sources: manuscripts and inscriptions, place of origin, genres (gospel texts, readings, psalters, prayers, edification)

slides

sounds

OCS, sounds, unit 1

CHU-PHO-001

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49459

phonology: phonemes, phoneme classes, phonotactic constraints, syllables, feet, p-words, clisis

slides

words

OCS, words, unit 1

CHU-MOR-001

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49452

stem formation: various devices, nominal derivation, nominal compounding, verbal derivation

slides

OCS, words, unit 2

CHU-MOR-002

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49458

declension: nominals, categories (gender, case, number, definiteness), declensions, endings

slides

OCS, words, unit 3

CHU-MOR-003

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49457

conjugation: various forms, present, imperative, aorist, imperfect, formation and syntax of aspect

slides

structures

OCS, structures, unit 1

CHU-STR-001

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49456

nominal structures: linearization, gender, number, case, referentiality (definiteness, partitivity), possession

slides

OCS, structures, unit 2

CHU-STR-002

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49455

adpositional structures (order, case, headedness) and predication (order, arguments, aspect, tense)

slides

OCS, structures, unit 3

CHU-STR-003

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49454

clause: structural properties, negation, modalities, clause combining (coordination, subordination)

slides

texts

OCS, texts, unit 1

CHU-TXT-001

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49453

Text: Matthew 5.11, Codex Zographensis (Glagolitic script, c. 1000 AD)

slides