AI Grammars

about

Tocharian

is the most recently discovered branch of Indo-European. Though being the easternmost subphylum of IE, Tocharian is centum (see introduction). The branch consists of the two languages Tocharian A and Tocharian B, which were mutually unintelligible. A third one, Tocharian C, is attested in a few loanwords in Gāndhārī (see sounds). The languages are remarkable for intricate palatalization patterns (see words), a completely restructured morphology (especially in the noun, with agglutinative secondary cases) and remarkable morpho-syntactic properties like group inflection (see structures).

Lecturers

Gerd Carling

University of Lund

Hannes Fellner

University of Vienna

introduction

Tocharian, intro, unit 1

TOC-INT-001

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49262

place in Eastern Central Asia, subsistence and harsh climate, the discovery of Tocharian, who were the Tocharians? Tocharian A, B, C

slides

Tocharian, intro, unit 2

TOC-INT-002

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49261

BMAC and Turkic loans in Tocharian, Tocharian loans in Chinese, Tocharian loans from Old/Middle Chinese, Indoeuropean origin of Tocharian

slides

Tocharian, intro, unit 3

TOC-INT-003

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49260

writing system, dating of Tocharian texts, Tocharian corpus, location of documents, contents, text samples, sources for studying Tocharian

slides

sounds

Tocharian, sounds, unit 1

TOC-PHO-001

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49259

phonemes, segments (vowels and diphthongs, consonants), phonological processes

slides

Tocharian, sounds, unit 2

TOC-PHO-002

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49258

suprasegmentals: stress accent in Tocharian B, evidence from alternations

slides

Tocharian, sounds, unit 3

TOC-PHO-003

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49257

syllables: role of the syllable in Tocharian meter, syllable types, illustrative example

slides

words

Tocharian, words, unit 1

TOC-MOR-001

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49256

morphological overview, stem formation: derivation

slides

Tocharian, words, unit 2

TOC-MOR-002

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49255

stem formation: compounding, right-headedness, types of compounds

slides

Tocharian, words, unit 3

TOC-MOR-003

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49254

inflection: declension (two-level case system), and conjugation

slides

structures

Tocharian, structures, unit 1

TOC-STR-001

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49253

word classes, typological overview, nominal structure, linearization, gender, number, case, referentiality, text sample

slides

Tocharian, structures, unit 2

TOC-STR-002

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49252

adpositional structure, predication (alignment, clitics, case, null arguments, possessives, voice, valency, aspect, tense, text sample

slides

Tocharian, structures, unit 3

TOC-STR-003

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5446/49251

clause: word order, negation, modality, speech acts, clause combining, phraseology and translation, text sample

slides