Genetic affiliation: Western Mayan, Kanjobal-Jacaltec
Place: Guatemala
Population: 99,211 (Endangered Languages Project)
Endangerment: vulnerable (Endangered Languages Project)
Glottolog 4.8 edited by Hammarström, Harald & Forkel, Robert & Haspelmath, Martin & Bank, Sebastian, licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Non-verbal predication
and copular sentences

by Grant Armstrong


DOI: doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.10676509

non-verbal predication, differences to verbal predication, copular sentences, predication vs. specificational sentences


Beneath the surface:
word order in Mayan

by Lauren Clemens


DOI: doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.10550978

V-initial orders: derivation and reordering; preverbal orders and extraction restrictions; explaining ergativity


in Mayan agent focus

by Barbara Stiebels


DOI: doi.org/

agent focus, ergativity, ergative extraction constraint, voice, morphology-syntax mismatch, agreement, antipassive



The following list contains basic recommendations/sources on the language at issue.


grammars, outlines of grammatical structure, grammatical sketches

Acker, Ann Michelle. 2016. Voice and Valence in Q'anjob'al. Los Angeles: University of California at Los Angeles. (Doctoral dissertation)
Eladio, Mateo Toledo. 2008. The family of complex predicates in Q'anjob'al (Maya): their syntax and meaning. Austin: University of Texas at Austin. (Doctoral dissertation)
Lichtman, Karen & Chang, Shawn & Cramer, Jennifer S. & Crespo del Rio, Claudia & Huensch, Amanda & Morales, Alexandra & Hallett, Jill. 2010. IPA Illustration of Q'anjob'al. Champaign and Urbana: University of Illinois.


dictionaries, headword search tools, further sources of information about the lexicon

Q'anjob'al language community. 2014. Q'anjob'al Talking Dictionary. K’ulb’il Yol Twitz Paxil / The Academy of Mayan Languages, Living Tongues Institute for Endangered Languages.
Hallett, Jill. 2009. Q'anjob'al glossary. Champaign and Urbana: University of Illinois.
López, Domingo Estéban Sosa. 2003. Jit'il Q'anej Yet Q'anjob'al / Vocabulario Q'anjob'al. Guatemala: Academia de Lenguas Mayas de Guatemala.


corpora of written language, online data bases, text collections, spoken data collections

Mateo, B’alam. 2014. Documentation of the Syntax and Specialized Uses of Q’anjob’al (Maya). Endangered Languages Archive. Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/2196/00-0000-0000-0002-C874-D.

teaching material

coursebooks, exercises, materials or introductions supporting teaching

Illinois Language Research Initiative: Q'anjob'al (Maya)
Q'anjob'al in Omniglot